- Release of the Hegers papers.
- Vanaf 1920 Psychobiography
- Influence of Freud (Hidden working of the unconscious mind) and Lytton Stracey ( uncovering of the revealing unedifying motives behing revered façades).
- Why Charlotte attracted such an un usual prevalence of psychoanalytic interpretation? Her rich symbolic of her novels and the legacy of Gaskell' s "" Life"".
- It became fashionable to redefine the Victorian virtue of self denial as a sick symptom of masochisme.
- Psychobiographers: Subtilety and complexity were often sacrificed for the sake of fitting. It detach the subject from the social, cultural and literary influences.
- Hollywood transformed Jane Eyre and Wuthering Heights in to the greatest love stories ever told.
- Suffragettes, before the First World War, claimed Charlotte Bronte as a pioneer.
- Later feminism: Charlotte, a parable of victimhood oppressed by the men in her life, het father, her brother, her husband and her teacher
- 1980-1990 For the first time since Gaskell biographers stop routinely seeing Charlotte as a victim.
- Had an enormous influence on perceptions of Emily
- Charlotte sublimate desires by redirecting them in to a spirituel channel. Charlotte became spiritual superiority.
- Reaction against the caricature of Charlotte as a frustrated spinster ( a seks-starved hysteric).
- She believed in the concept of the ideal women artist.
1914 Frederica Mac Donald gutenberg/files/The secret of Charlotte Bronte
1919 Esther Alice Chadwick In the Footsteps of the Brontës
- A few years after Esther Alice Chadwick (fl. 1882-1928) - who wrote under the name Mrs Ellis H. Chadwick - had read a copy of Elizabeth Gaskell's Life of Charlotte Brontë, she moved to a house near the Haworth vicarage where the Brontë family had lived. As a result, Chadwick was able to speak to many people who had known the family, and in 1914 she published this extensive biography of the family.
- Emily, the innocent recipient of mystical experiences which came direct from God.
- Emily could not have created Heatcliff without the inspiration of real-time romance. This biographer came up with Constantin Heger!!!!!
1920 Lucille Dooley
- Charlotte had a father fixation. Electra complex.
- Lucile Dooley was the first commentator to suggest that Charlotte' s death was caused by "psychogenic reactions" linked to her father fixation. Charlotte could not become a mother without a destroying conflict.
- The unconscious artist. Charlotte'snovels hadrisen whole and unalterable from ""the Unconscious"".
- Dooley subtler than many other psychobiographers.
- William Weightman awoke the passion to create Heatcliff
- Emily must have been a Roman Catholic
- Comparing Emily to catholic mystics
1928 Romer Wilson The Life and Private history of Emily Jane Bronte.
- Romer is a Yorkshirewoman
- She boasted that she paid especial and respectful attention to primary sources.
- Wanted to explode the foolish fashion of canonising Charlotte Bronte.
- If Charlotte's life was sad, it was her own fawlt
- The key to Charlotte's problem "surpressed personality"
- Lack of interest in the literary evidents of Charlotte's writings.
- Charlotte is prim, priggish and a prude
- Rosamond invented the idea Charlotte liked green and Emily purple
- Calling Charlotte ruthless, bitter, ungracious and black censoriousness of others is the root of much of her unhappiness.
- Charlotte' s hardness contrasts Emily' s superior generous nature.
- Charlotte forfeited Emily' s love.
- Charlotte remained detached from her works.
- Not to gain a deeper understanding of het literary imaginazing but to judge het personal life.
- He put Charlotte as bitch on the map.
- Emily Bronte lesbian.
- She wrote Glendale poems instead of Gondal Poems
- Masculinity of Emily's prose
- Heathcliff is a self-portrait
- She had difficulty reading old handwriting.
- She misread the title of a poem "Love's Farewell" as ''Louis Parensell" and went on to invent alover of that name
- The Brontes web of Childhood
- First in -depht study of the juvenilia
- Pioneering work
1948 John Maynard Charlotte Bronte and sexuality
- Sexual desire was rooted in her reading Byron' s Don Juan and Shakespeare' s comedies and through het intuition and introspection.
1953 Muriel Spark
- Emily' s poems and novel, not anything that happened in het external life, formed the principal facts of her biography.
- Emily is a self-created being centered in the universe of her own imagination.
- Gondal and Wuthering Heights became so central to Emily' s life that she ceased to distinguish between the realand the imaginary.
- Emily believed she was at liberty to will or not to will death from a fatal disease. She suffered
- from delusions about the power of her own genius, dramatizing her own dying.
1960 Millicent Collard. Wuthering Height- the Relevation, a Psychical Study of Emily Bronte.
- What was it that Emily Bronte was hiding from the World? A strong psychic nature, contact with the death, second sight.
- This book seem like a lone eccentric, but it reflects the process of mystification, established during the interwar period.
1967 Winifred Gerin. Lived on the edge of Haworth moor. The evolution of genius
- Combinated passion and erudition in her books
- The first who used footnotes, documented her sources
- Her main aim to trace the evoling process by which Charlotte became a novelist
- Visitations deserted Emily
- Emily close to Branwell
1969 John Hewish A Critical and Biographical Study
- Skepticism. Did Emily bake the bread or is a story Gaskell made up?
- Law Hill "problem". Excactly how many month did Emily spend teaching at Law Hill?
1976 Helene Moglen The Self Conceived
- Charlotte was doomed because, as a woman, she could not be Zamorna.
- Nicolls is an authority figure, though it internalizes Charlotte' s needs to be dominated.
1976 Margot Peters Unquit Soul.
Sandra Gilbert and Susan Gubar The_Madwoman_in_the_Attic
- Bertha Mason is Jane Eyre's doppelganger, able to express what Jane cannot
- The Red Room: the figure in red represent the passionate rage of Jane
- Emily' s poetry embedded in a whole web of other literary sources analogues
- German Philosophy
- Gives a vived picture of the relationschip between biographer and biographee
- Emily may have has a lesbian consciousness, but cannot prove it.
1994 Stevie Davies